Asset Forfeiture

Asset Forfeiture Lawyer

Civil Asset Forfeiture Lawyer

When law enforcement agencies seize property or money under the suspicion of involvement in criminal activities, the stakes are incredibly high for the property’s owner. Civil asset forfeiture, a powerful tool used by agencies including the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), US Postal Service, Customs and Border Protection, and local police departments, allows the government to seize assets believed to be connected to criminal activity, from drug trafficking and money laundering to white-collar crimes and organized crime. This process can occur without a criminal conviction, leaving many individuals feeling powerless to recover their seized assets.

At The Foxx Firm, our asset forfeiture lawyers specialize in navigating the complex web of forfeiture laws and proceedings, offering robust defense strategies for those caught in the crosshairs of civil and criminal asset forfeiture actions. Our experienced team understands the nuances of both federal and state asset forfeiture statutes, ensuring that our clients receive informed and aggressive representation.

Contesting an asset forfeiture action is not only possible but often critical. Many individuals are discouraged from challenging the seizure of their property due to the daunting legal process and the preponderance of the evidence standard applied in civil forfeiture cases. However, with the right legal expertise, challenging these actions can lead to the return of wrongfully seized property. The Foxx Firm has successfully handled dozens of forfeiture cases, securing the return of thousands of dollars and real estate to their rightful owners.

Whether facing administrative forfeiture proceedings initiated by federal agencies or judicial forfeiture actions requiring court involvement, our attorneys are adept at all stages of asset forfeiture litigation. From the initial seizure and notice of forfeiture to filing a petition for remission and claim contesting the forfeiture, The Foxx Firm is committed to advocating for the rights and interests of our clients. Our goal is to not only recover seized assets but also to provide peace of mind and restore justice for those unjustly targeted by forfeiture actions.

If you or someone you know is facing the challenge of asset forfeiture, whether due to allegations of drug crimes, violent crimes, or any form of illegal activity, The Foxx Firm offers the specialized legal support needed to contest the government’s action and strive for the return of seized property. Understanding your rights and the legal avenues available is the first step in fighting back against asset forfeiture.

Understanding Asset Forfeiture

Asset forfeiture is a legal process that allows law enforcement agencies to seize assets believed to be connected to criminal activity. However, the nuances between criminal and civil asset forfeiture are crucial for anyone facing or fearing asset seizure to understand, as they significantly impact the legal strategies necessary for defense.

Difference Between Criminal and Civil Asset Forfeiture:

  • Criminal Asset Forfeiture: This type of forfeiture is dependent on the conviction of a crime. The assets to be forfeited must be proven to be directly connected to the criminal activity. Criminal asset forfeitures are a part of the criminal prosecution, meaning the asset owner must be found guilty of the underlying crime before their assets can be permanently seized.

  • Civil Asset Forfeiture: Unlike its criminal counterpart, civil asset forfeiture does not require a criminal conviction. Instead, the legal action is against the asset itself, not the owner. Law enforcement agencies must only prove a preponderance of the evidence that the assets were connected to illegal activity, making it easier for the government to seize property without charging the property owner with a crime. This lower burden of proof significantly impacts the defense approach, focusing on disproving the connection between the asset and criminal activity.

Common Reasons for Asset Seizure by Law Enforcement Agencies:

Law enforcement agencies, including the DEA, US Postal Service, and local police departments, seize assets for a variety of reasons, often related to:

  • Drug Crimes: Assets can be seized if they are believed to be proceeds from drug trafficking or used to facilitate drug crimes. This includes cash, vehicles, and real estates.

  • Money Laundering and White Collar Crimes: Large sums of money, bank accounts, and properties involved in schemes to launder money or commit financial crimes can be targeted for seizure.

  • Terroristic Threats and Violent Crimes: Assets used in the commission of terroristic acts or violent crimes, or purchased with proceeds from such activities, are also subject to forfeiture.

  • Illegal Activity Involving Controlled Substances: Vehicles or properties used to transport or store illegal drugs can be seized under asset forfeiture laws.

  • Customs and Border Protection Violations: Assets involved in smuggling or violating customs regulations can be confiscated by agencies such as Customs and Border Protection.

Understanding the differences between criminal and civil asset forfeiture and the common reasons assets are seized is essential for mounting an effective defense. The Foxx Firm leverages deep knowledge of both federal and state forfeiture statutes and a wealth of experience in asset forfeiture defense to protect our clients’ property rights and challenge unjust seizures.

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Steps to Contest Asset Forfeiture

Contesting asset forfeiture in Los Angeles County involves navigating a series of critical steps within a strict timeline to ensure your rights are protected and to potentially recover seized assets. Understanding this process and acting promptly can significantly impact the outcome of your case.

Timeline and Critical Steps After Receiving a Notice of Forfeiture:

  1. Review the Notice: Upon receiving a notice of forfeiture from a law enforcement agency, such as the DEA or the US Postal Service, it’s crucial to carefully review the document. This notice will detail the assets seized and provide a deadline by which you must respond—typically, you have 30 days from the date of the notice to act.

  2. File a Petition for Remission or Mitigation: This petition is an appeal to the seizing agency asking for the return of your property on the grounds that you were not involved in the criminal activity or other mitigating factors. While not always successful, it’s a step that can be taken alongside filing a claim.

  3. File a Claim Contesting the Forfeiture: To officially contest the forfeiture and request a judicial hearing, you must file a claim within the 30-day window specified in your notice. This claim asserts your ownership of the assets and challenges the government’s right to seize them.

How The Foxx Firm Assists Clients in Los Angeles County:

  • Initial Consultation: Our attorneys begin by discussing your case in detail, examining the notice of forfeiture, and evaluating the best course of action based on the specifics of your situation.

  • Preparing Documentation: The Foxx Firm takes charge of preparing all necessary documentation for your case, including the petition for remission and the claim contesting the forfeiture. Our experienced team ensures that these documents accurately reflect your circumstances and legal arguments, adhering to the required legal standards and deadlines.

  • Filing: We handle the filing process, ensuring that your petition and claim are submitted to the appropriate agency or court within the stipulated timeframe. Timely filing is crucial, as missing the 30-day deadline can result in the permanent loss of your right to contest the forfeiture.

  • Representation: Should your case proceed to a judicial hearing, The Foxx Firm will represent you throughout the process, advocating on your behalf and presenting a strong defense against the forfeiture of your assets.

The steps to contest asset forfeiture in Los Angeles County are complex and time-sensitive, making it essential to seek legal assistance as soon as you receive a notice of forfeiture. The Foxx Firm is committed to guiding our clients through each stage of this challenging process, leveraging our expertise in asset forfeiture law to fight for the return of your property.

Frequently Asked Questions

Recovering your property after a civil asset forfeiture in Los Angeles County involves navigating a specific legal process, which can be complex and time-sensitive. Here's a step-by-step guide to understanding how you can challenge the forfeiture and potentially recover your seized assets:

  1. Act Quickly Upon Receiving Notice: Once your property is seized, you will receive a notice of forfeiture. It's crucial to respond promptly, as you typically have a limited time frame, often 30 days, to contest the forfeiture.

  2. Understand the Grounds of the Forfeiture: Determine why your property was seized. Assets in civil asset forfeiture cases are typically taken under suspicion of being connected to criminal activity. Knowing the specifics can help tailor your defense strategy.

  3. File a Claim Against the Forfeiture: To start the process of recovering your property, you must file a claim with the seizing agency. This claim asserts your ownership of the property and challenges the government's basis for forfeiture. Ensure the claim is detailed and filed within the deadline specified in the forfeiture notice.

  4. Seek Legal Representation: Given the complexities of civil asset forfeiture laws, consulting with an experienced asset forfeiture defense attorney is highly recommended. An attorney can provide valuable guidance, prepare and file necessary documentation on your behalf, and represent you in court if necessary.

  5. Prepare for a Possible Court Hearing: If your claim progresses, be prepared to present your case in court. Your attorney can help gather evidence to prove the property was not connected to criminal activity or that you were an innocent owner unaware of any illegal use of your property.

  6. Consider Settlement Options: In some cases, negotiating a settlement with the government may be a viable option. Your attorney can negotiate on your behalf to seek the return of your property or reach an acceptable agreement.

  7. Explore Alternative Remedies: If direct contestation is not viable, other remedies such as a petition for remission or mitigation might be available. These petitions ask the seizing agency to reconsider the forfeiture on various grounds, including hardship, and can sometimes result in the return of your property.


Recovering property after a civil asset forfeiture in Los Angeles County requires a clear understanding of your rights, the reasons behind the seizure, and the available legal avenues for contestation. With the help of a skilled asset forfeiture defense lawyer, you can navigate the process more effectively, increasing your chances of having your property returned.

Understanding the distinctions between civil and criminal asset forfeiture laws in California is crucial for anyone facing or concerned about asset seizure. These two types of forfeiture serve different purposes and operate under distinct legal frameworks:

Civil Asset Forfeiture

  • Legal Basis: Civil asset forfeiture occurs independently of a criminal conviction. The action is against the property itself, under the presumption that it was used in or derived from criminal activity.

  • Burden of Proof: The government's burden of proof in civil forfeiture cases is typically "a preponderance of the evidence," which is lower than the "beyond a reasonable doubt" standard used in criminal cases. This means that the property can be forfeited if it is more likely than not to be connected to criminal activity.

  • Owner's Defense: Property owners can contest civil forfeiture by proving they were unaware of the property's illegal use or by challenging the evidence of the property's connection to criminal activity. However, because the action is against the property, owners do not have all the constitutional protections that are available in criminal trials, such as the right to a court-appointed attorney.

  • Use of Proceeds: Proceeds from civil asset forfeitures often directly benefit the law enforcement agencies that seized the property, creating a contentious point regarding incentives for seizures.

Criminal Asset Forfeiture

  • Legal Basis: Criminal asset forfeiture is dependent on the property owner's criminal conviction. It serves as a punitive action against individuals found guilty of specific offenses, with the forfeiture proceedings typically following the criminal trial.

  • Burden of Proof: Because criminal asset forfeiture is part of a criminal proceeding, the government must meet the higher standard of "beyond a reasonable doubt" to secure a conviction and subsequent forfeiture of assets.

  • Owner's Rights: Defendants in criminal forfeiture cases are afforded full constitutional protections, including the right to legal representation. If they cannot afford an attorney, one will be provided for them.

  • Use of Proceeds: Like civil forfeiture, proceeds from criminal forfeitures can also benefit law enforcement agencies, though the process is more closely tied to the criminal justice system's punitive and remedial goals.

Key Differences

The main differences between civil and criminal asset forfeiture in California lie in the requirement for a criminal conviction, the burden of proof, the protections available to the property owner, and the legal procedures involved in each process. While both mechanisms aim to deter crime and dismantle criminal enterprises by depriving them of resources, the implications for property owners and the strategies for defense vary significantly between the two.

Given these distinctions, individuals facing either civil or criminal asset forfeiture in California should seek the guidance of an experienced asset forfeiture defense attorney to navigate the complexities of the law and to advocate for the protection of their property rights.

Yes, innocent owners can fight civil asset forfeiture in Los Angeles County. California law recognizes the rights of individuals who were not involved in criminal activity and did not consent to their property being used for such purposes to contest the seizure of their assets. Here's how innocent owners can challenge civil asset forfeiture:

Establishing Innocent Ownership

  • Burden of Proof: The innocent owner must demonstrate that they neither knew nor had reason to know that their property was being used or intended to be used in connection with illegal activities. Alternatively, they must show that upon learning of the property's use in criminal activity, they took all reasonable steps to prevent such use.

  • Evidence and Testimony: To prove innocence, the owner may need to provide evidence such as purchase receipts, financial records, or testimony that convincingly demonstrates their lack of involvement or knowledge of the criminal use of their property.

Legal Protections for Innocent Owners

  • Notice and Hearing: Innocent owners have the right to receive notice of the forfeiture proceedings and the opportunity to be heard. This is critical for asserting ownership rights and contesting the forfeiture.

  • Legal Representation: Engaging an experienced asset forfeiture defense attorney is crucial. A knowledgeable lawyer can navigate the legal system, advise on the best course of action, and represent the innocent owner throughout the forfeiture process.

Contesting the Forfeiture

  • Filing a Claim: Upon receiving a notice of forfeiture, the innocent owner must promptly file a claim against the forfeiture. This claim asserts their ownership interest and challenges the government's assertion that the property is forfeitable.

  • Judicial Review: The case may proceed to court, where the judge will review evidence from both the government and the innocent owner. The court then decides whether the property should be forfeited or returned to the owner.

Strategies for Defense

  • Documentation: Keeping thorough records of property acquisition and efforts to prevent its illegal use can strengthen an innocent owner's case.

  • Legal Arguments: An attorney may argue that the owner was not involved in the alleged criminal activity, did not consent to the use of their property in such activity, or took reasonable steps to prevent its misuse.


Fighting civil asset forfeiture in Los Angeles County as an innocent owner involves proving a lack of knowledge or involvement in the criminal activities associated with the seized property. Given the complexities of asset forfeiture laws and proceedings, seeking the assistance of an attorney specialized in asset forfeiture defense is highly recommended to navigate the process effectively and protect your property rights.

Civil asset forfeiture in Los Angeles County can have significant impacts on an individual's rights and finances, affecting their life in profound ways. Understanding these implications is crucial for anyone facing or at risk of asset seizure due to alleged involvement in criminal activities.

Impact on Rights

  • Property Rights: Civil asset forfeiture can lead to the loss of property without a criminal conviction, challenging the fundamental right to own property. Individuals may feel their rights are diminished when assets are seized based on an association with criminal activities, sometimes without direct evidence of the owner's involvement.

  • Due Process Rights: Critics argue that civil asset forfeiture procedures can infringe on due process rights, as the process to contest the seizure is complex, time-consuming, and often places the burden of proof on the property owner to demonstrate innocence.

  • Presumption of Innocence: The practice of seizing assets without requiring a criminal conviction challenges the principle of the presumption of innocence until proven guilty. Property can be taken on the suspicion of criminal involvement, leaving individuals to navigate the legal system to reclaim their assets.

Impact on Finances

  • Loss of Assets: The immediate effect of civil asset forfeiture is the potential loss of valuable assets, including cash, vehicles, real estate, and other personal property. This can significantly disrupt personal and business finances.

  • Legal Costs: Contesting asset forfeiture involves legal expenses, including attorney fees, court costs, and other related expenses. These costs can accumulate, adding financial strain to the challenge of recovering seized assets.

  • Long-Term Financial Implications: The loss of assets and the costs associated with legal challenges can have long-term financial implications. For businesses, this might mean the loss of operational capital or assets critical to business functions. For individuals, it could mean the loss of savings, vehicles necessary for commuting to work, or even homes.

  • Insurance and Credit: Seizure of assets, especially vehicles and property, can affect insurance premiums and credit ratings. The financial instability resulting from asset forfeiture can make it more difficult to obtain loans or financial services in the future.

Navigating the Impact

To mitigate the impact of civil asset forfeiture on rights and finances, individuals facing asset seizure in Los Angeles County should:

  • Seek Legal Representation: An experienced asset forfeiture defense attorney can navigate the complexities of the forfeiture process, advocate for your rights, and work towards the return of your assets.

  • Understand Your Rights: Being informed about your rights and the legal process is crucial. Knowledgeable legal counsel can provide guidance on your rights and the best strategies for contesting asset forfeiture.

  • Act Promptly: Timeliness is critical in responding to forfeiture notices and taking legal action. Delaying can jeopardize your ability to contest the forfeiture effectively.

Civil asset forfeiture can profoundly affect your rights and finances, making it essential to address the situation proactively and with informed legal support. Understanding these impacts and taking decisive action can help protect your interests and navigate the challenges presented by asset forfeiture in Los Angeles County.